Suriname
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Capital
current time and date
currency: Surinamese dollar (SRD)
Population
Official languages
Independence
Area
Borders
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
GDP (PPP)
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Coat of arms
Suriname profile
smallest independent country on South American continent;

mostly tropical rain forest;

great diversity of flora and fauna that, for the most part, is increasingly threatened by new development;

relatively small population, mostly along the coast
Suriname history
First explored by the Spaniards in the 16th century and then settled by the English in the mid-17th century, Suriname became a Dutch colony in 1667. With the abolition of slavery in 1863, workers were brought in from India and Java. Independence from the Netherlands was granted in 1975. Five years later the civilian government was replaced by a military regime that soon declared a socialist republic. It continued to exert control through a succession of nominally civilian administrations until 1987, when international pressure finally forced a democratic election. In 1990, the military overthrew the civilian leadership, but a democratically elected government - a four-party coalition - returned to power in 1991. The coalition expanded to eight parties in 2005 and ruled until August 2010, when voters returned former military leader Desire BOUTERSE and his opposition coalition to power.
interesting Suriname facts
Conventional long form: Republic of Suriname

Conventional short form: Suriname

Local long form: Republiek Suriname

Local short form: Suriname

Formerly known as: Netherlands Guiana, Dutch Guiana
fun Suriname facts for kids
Suriname's capital city is Paramaribo
amazing Suriname facts
Suriname Constitution:

ratified 30 September 1987;
effective 30 October 1987
Suriname facts for kids
Suriname population growth rate: 1.222%
Suriname facts for kids
Suriname highest point: Juliana Top 1,230 m
interesting Suriname facts for kids
Suriname lowest point: unnamed location in the coastal plain -2 m
fun Suriname facts for kids
About 1% of Suriname's land is arable.
Suriname fun facts for kids
Suriname birth rate is 17 births/1,000 population
Suriname fun facts for kids
Suriname infant mortality rate is 29 deaths/1,000 live births
Suriname fun facts for kids
Suriname fertility rate is 2.04 children born/woman
Suriname fun facts for kids
Suriname climate:

tropical;
moderated by trade winds
interesting Suriname facts
Top 10 cities of Suriname with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Paramaribo: 223,757
2. Lelydorp: 18,223
3. Nieuw Nickerie: 13,143
4. Moengo: 7,074
5. Nieuw Amsterdam: 4,935
6. Mariƫnburg: 4,427
7. Wageningen: 4,145
8. Albina: 3,985
9. Groningen: 3,216
10. Brownsweg: 2,696
Suriname fun facts for kids
Suriname ethnic groups:
Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) - 37%
Creole (mixed white and black) - 31%
Javanese - 15%
"Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) - 10%
Amerindian - 2%
Chinese - 2%
white - 1%
other - 2%
interesting Suriname facts
Suriname Exports:

alumina
gold
crude oil
lumber
shrimp and fish
rice
bananas
interesting Suriname facts
Suriname Imports:

capital equipment
petroleum
foodstuffs
cotton
consumer goods
interesting Suriname facts
unicameral National Assembly or Nationale Assemblee (51 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
10 districts (distrikten, singular - distrikt).
1. Brokopondo
2. Commewijne
3. Coronie
4. Marowijne
5. Nickerie
6. Para
7. Paramaribo
8. Saramacca
9. Sipaliwini
10. Wanica
Political parties and leaders:
A-Combination (a coalition that includes the General Liberation and Development Party ABOP [Ronnie BRUNSWIJK], and SEEKA [Paul ABENA])

Basic Party for Renewal and Democracy (BVD) - Dilip SARDJOE

Basic Party for Renewal and Democracy (PVF) - Soedeschand JAIRAM

Democratic Union Suriname (DUS) - Japhet DIEKO

Mega Combination Coalition (a coalition that joined with A-Combination and the PL to form a majority in Parliament in 2010 - includes the National Democratic Party or NDP [Desire BOUTERSE] (largest party in the coalition), Progressive Worker and Farmer's Union or PALU [Jim HOK], Party for National Unity and Solidarity of the Highest Order or KTPI [Willy SOEMITA], DNP-2000 [Jules WIJDENBOSCH], Union of Brotherhood and Unity in Politics BEP [Caprino ALENDY], and New Suriname or NS [Nanan PANDAY])

National Union (NU) - P. VAN LEEUWAARDE

New Front for Democracy and Development (NF) (a coalition made up of the National Party of Suriname or NPS [Runaldo VENETIAAN], United Reform Party or VHP [Ramdien SARDJOE], Democratic Alternative 1991 or DA-91 - an independent, business-oriented party [Winston JESSURUN], Surinamese Labor Party or SPA [Siegfried GILDS])

Party for Democracy and Development in Unity (DOE) - Carl BREEVELD

Party for the Permanent Prosperity Republic Suriname (PVRS) - NA

People's Alliance, Pertjaja Luhur's or PL [Paul SOMOHARDJO](includes D-21 [Soewarta MOESTADJA] and Pendawa Lima [Raymond SAPEON], which merged with PL in 2010)